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Give your studies a global dimension

 Do you have what it takes to compete in a global market of today? Not sure what else you can do to develop your global competencies? Check our tips and advice on how to give your studies a global dimension and gain that edge over other graduates.

Now more than ever, it is vital that you make the most of your studies to develop the so called global mindset really sought after by employers in today’s challenging and highly globalised job market.

Whether you are an EU/Overseas student already studying internationally in the UK or a HOME student considering a career abroad after graduation, there are many ways you can increase your global competences and create an outstanding personal brand to impress future recruiters.

Give your academic work an international angle
Regardless what subject you are studying, there are simple ways on how you can make your studies more international.

Talk to your lecturers and tutors about the teaching and research they do. Many of them are engaged in international partnerships or writing on topics of global relevance. When choosing your modules, consider those with international and intercultural perspectives and try to cover these angles in your assignments and dissertation.

Where possible team up with students from other countries and cultures during class discussions or group projects. If your course is ‘with a Year in Industry’ consider an international placement or one with a company with global links.

If you are a postgraduate student, join any relevant international research networks or organise a conference that would bring students from other countries to share and discuss the research you are all involved in. Last but not least, follow global developments in your subject by reading international journals, magazines or expert blogs.

Go on a semester or a year abroad

Speak to your tutor and the International Office at your university about an opportunity of studying and/or working abroad for a semester or even a whole academic year.

Opportunities are endless and depending on your university’s international partnerships, they can range from Erasmus+ in Europe (both study and internships), working as a Teaching Assistant abroad with British Council, studying in the USA or Mexico or even doing an exchange at one of the satellite campuses of your university.

You don’t necessarily need another language to take part (as many courses abroad are also taught in English) and there is lots of support available to help your brush up on your language skills before and during your year abroad.

Studying or working abroad will equip you with amazing new skills, such as intercultural communication, planning and organising and resilience. It will also give you a fantastic opportunity to make new friends all over the world, as well as gain new perspectives on your studies and potential future career. Finally you’ll come back more mature and confident and with a clearer idea of what you like and don’t like doing after graduation!

Employers value the ability to adapt to new environments and practices, as well as people who can communicate effectively with others across different cultures and languages and your experiences abroad can provide evidence of the qualities they need.

On your return, make sure to come and speak to your careers service. The advisers there will be happy to help you articulate and present your international experience in future applications and interviews. They also organise regular workshops and events that bring along international companies to campus, so make sure to attend them, ask questions about international and intercultural opportunities and grow your networks.

Get involved with volunteering

If your course does not allow you to go on a year abroad, consider taking part in volunteering. Volunteering with local and international organisations gives you the chance to contribute to the community, improve your CV, develop new skills and have fun.

Volunteering can be a great way to gain global experience by taking part in diverse projects, from helping people to learn English to supporting local immigrants and refugees or participating in intercultural mentoring schemes.

Check out your careers service’s website to find out more about the voluntary organisations they are working with and how you can get involved. Or if you have a particular idea in mind, why not starting your own student-led project overseas?

Join a society and meet students from other countries

Through your university’s Students’ Union you can meet people from many nationalities, learn about other cultures, take on new challenges and get work experience by holding a position of responsibility in a society.

Participating in university life and the local community will enrich your time at the university and make you attractive to employers as it suggests that you can make a valuable contribution to the workplace too.

Student groups and societies welcome all students and are a great opportunity to widen your social circle, learn a new language and get familiar with different customs.

Learn another language

Ability to communicate effectively in more than one language will greatly enhance your career prospects in a global job market. It will help you develop your cultural self-awareness and give you insights into other countries and cultures. Employers value graduates who can interact confidently with diverse people personally and professionally.

Stephen Isherwood, Chief Executive of the Association of Graduate Recruiters confirms:

“More and more employers are looking for graduates with a global mindset. This means an ability to work across different cultures and borders, an awareness of the global forces affecting organisations and the diversity of thinking to tackle challenges in a global environment. If you can also communicate effectively in more than one language, you will be well placed to make the most of international opportunities.”

Learning a new language can be sometimes  added as a new module or a pathway to your degree, or taken up university’s languages centre. Check your university’s website for more details or discuss options available to you with your personal tutor.

Inspired by any of the ideas above?

Take action – visit your careers service’s website, research your options and book a careers guidance appointment to discuss your next steps.

The post was written for the Midlands International Group by Gosia Mobbs (University of Leicester), 28 June 2017.

 

Networking and your Personal Brand.

There is a lot of information out there about ensuring you network effectively. I wanted to present some of the issues international students may face and propose practical ways to overcome these difficulties. However, firstly I want to talk about the importance of “Personal Branding” in all your networking endeavours.

Why Network?

Networking can be so useful in supporting your future career. It can be used to:

  • Gain careers advice and sift through potential options.
  • Obtain a realistic picture of a profession.
  • Understand an organisation’s culture and whether you are a good match for this.
  • Open up opportunities for personal development.
  • Provide introductions to useful contacts.
  • Build mutually beneficial relationships, perhaps creating a coach or mentor.

Networking is not about asking for a job! Instead it is a chance to make connections, have useful conversations, gain insights and to build your on-going relationships.

Before you start networking

It’s really important to understand your own “Personal Brand”, prior to undertaking any networking activity. Tom Peters first coined this phrase in his 1997 article “A brand called you”. This article emphasised the importance of being able to promote ourselves professionally, clearly and confidently. He said:

“Regardless of our age, position or the business we happen to be in, all of us need to understand the importance of branding. We are CEOs of our own companies. Our most important job is to be Head of Marketing for the brand called you!”

This emphasises the need to firstly understand and then confidently promote ourselves to the world around us.

In order to do this you need to understand what is unique about you. A useful video resource to help with this is “Creating your Personal Brand” by Lida Citroen (2015). Lida explains that a Brand is an “expectation of an experience” and personal branding is about how we make people “feel” about being around or working with us. With this in mind the intention is to create a positive feeling from others based on our interactions with them. This could be through producing an excellent piece of work ahead of time for example or doing something for another person with no expectation of reciprocation.

To start this process of personal branding, firstly we should stop and take stock. We need to take an inventory of our skills, experience and interests. This could involve asking ourselves questions like: Where do I want to be? What inspires me? What is unique about my experiences so far? What are my talents and skills? What skills do I need to work on?

As an international student one major advantage you have is your increased cultural awareness and possibly your ability to speak different languages. There will be other unique qualities you have too!

You can also understand how you are currently seen by others through requesting 360 degree feedback. Be open to this honest feedback from people who you currently interact with on a regular basis and then start to think about how you want to be seen by others.

Once you have answers for the above, you can start to build a strategy to take you to where you want to be. This will involve building influence with others through your actions.

Lida explains that “Credibility” (which you need to build your personal brand) comes from understanding and having a clear set of values and acting on these to increase your personal influence.

Credibility = Values + Action

You can then define your target audience. These can be broken down in to three categories but each of these can be equally useful in the longer term:

Decision Makers – Those who make hiring decisions or have a decision making role within businesses.

Information sources – Those who have insights and information about a role, organisation or specialism. They can add value to your existing knowledge base.

Supporters – Those who support and encourage you. They may be known as a “critical friend”. They could be an official or unofficial mentor/coach.

Remember

Networking is about creating win-win situations, therefore it is important that where you can you offer support and help to those you need help from. Be genuine and build your personal brand around your real strengths this will ensure you are authentic which in turn should ensure your networking is meaningful and long lasting.

Challenges for International students

International students often face challenges when approaching networking for the first time. Some common challenges have been addressed below:

  • I’m not from the UK and therefore I have no established networks in UK industry

Every university in the UK has a Careers Service which all have strong links with industry partners across the UK and beyond. This means that you don’t need to already have an established network in the UK. There are a range of activities you can get involved with to ensure you can build a wide range of contacts in multiple industries. Here are some examples:

Most Universities offer mentoring schemes with former students, now Alumni, who offer their time to support you in developing your network and career. Some will be working in the roles you will want to undertake so can be really invaluable contacts. Contact your careers service to find out more about this. Most University careers services will host employer events during term time each week to provide industry and recruitment insights. This is a great way to network, ask questions and connect with people who are wanting to hire students and graduates.

  • I’m not used to the formalities involved in UK business and industry so I’m afraid I’ll make a mistake in dealing with new people.

Most university Careers Services across the UK provide events to support you in how to network effectively and at careers fairs, staff are on hand to talk you through appropriate behaviour and etiquette if you are unsure.

  • I’m not an extravert so speaking to strangers just doesn’t feel natural and I just don’t know what to say.

Everyone is in the same position as you and although some people may be naturally extravert people or come from a much more extravert culture, there are ways you can increase your confidence. Seek out support from your Careers Service. They will help you to create an “Elevator Pitch” to clearly, concisely and confidently present yourself to others. They may be able to talk you through UK customs and culture in order to help you feel more confident in speaking to potential employers or business connections.

  • I don’t see the point in networking, I just want a job.

Generally, networking undertaken by students, is done to increase their chances of gaining employment. However, stating this outright when you meet a new connection can make people less inclined to help you. Networking is about creating “win-win” situations. This means creating mutually beneficial relationships where you can help each other. Rather than seeing networking as a way to get a job, instead try to ensure you understand the business or the role you are wanting to work in. Being helpful to people can help to create a good impression, supporting others whilst also gaining invaluable experiences which you can later draw from perhaps in interviews or in your CV. You may even be able to use this connection as a reference in the future and it could lead on to more useful contacts which could eventually lead you into the perfect role.

What do employers want?

I recently asked a range of high profile employers to explain what they felt demonstrated “good networking” skills. Here are their responses:

“Making a good first impression is really important. One way you can achieve this is through networking. Proactively engaging with employers on campus, at their office, or through your online profile not only means you’ll learn more about their opportunities, but you may also get the chance to meet your future colleagues. At fairs make sure you give a firm handshake, ask questions and demonstrate positive body language such as eye contact’’. From Charlotte Robertson, Student Recruitment, PwC

“Something we really look for is a student that has prepared in advance of the event, either by reading up on the companies attending via the promotional literature, or even just googling them in advance to research whether it’s definitely a company they would like to learn more about or apply to. Also somebody that comes over and introduces themselves and shakes hand always goes down well.” From Harriett Cormack, CEB Global

Article written for the Midlands International Group by Teresa Corcoran – Postgraduate Careers Consultant (Business School) at the University of Nottingham, 26 June 2017. This blog follows on from an earlier blog about networking by my colleague Ben Simkins who is a Careers Adviser at Keele University (Link to Ben’s blog: Here ).

References

Citroen, Lida “Creating your Personal Brand” (2015) Link: Here

Peters, Tom “A brand called you!”(1997) Link: https://www.fastcompany.com/28905/brand-called-you

What is networking?

Networking for International Students

Image: CC0 – Public Domain.  No attribution required

You might have heard about networking and how important it can be in helping individuals achieve their professional and personal goals.  But what exactly is it? Networking is the idea that through the personal connections we make with individuals we encounter we can develop mutually beneficial relationships.

Remember networking is not just about what we can get from other people, just as important is how we can help them.

What are the potential benefits of networking?

Networking is all about making contacts.  Making contacts can improve your employability.  The “graduate jobs formula” below illustrates the impact that making contacts could have on improving your employability.

Employability = Qualifications + Work Experience + Skills x Contacts (Redmond, 2010)

Your contacts could help you with:

Insider info; want to impress an employer with your commercial awareness? Having an employee of a company you are targeting for job applications as a contact could provide real insights unavailable elsewhere.

Heads up on upcoming opportunities; often employees of a company will know about opportunities for work and work experience before they are advertised.

A good word in the right ear; making an application? Want to increase the chance of being shortlisted for interview?  Using contacts within the company to provide recommendations for you could make a difference.

Recommendations and endorsements (LinkedIn); LinkedIn allows you to collect recommendations that are much like references and also gives the opportunity for other people to endorse the skills you have listed in your profile.  Using your contacts in this way can help you to develop a more impressive online profile.

Practical help; there are numerous ways in which your contacts can support you with practical help.  For example, to arrange work experience or advice about a tricky application question.  Consider your network, what practical help could these individuals offer you?

References; want a great reference? You could ask a contact in your network.

Personal Introductions; sometimes it’s not the people you know, but the people that they know that can help you.  Your contacts can be helpful in supporting you to develop your network.  Maybe they can’t help you but they know someone who can?

Six Degrees of Separation– Frigyes Karinthy (1929)

The theory that because we are all linked by chains of acquaintances that we are all just six introductions away from anyone else on the planet!

“Proof! Just six degrees of separation between us

After checking 30 billion electronic messages, Microsoft researchers say the theory stands up” – The Observer, 2008.

Consider…what do you want to achieve by networking?

Networking, the basics

A good general rule for networking is to treat every encounter with someone as an opportunity to create a new contact.  Consider who you have in your network at the moment (everyone has one), your family, friends and acquaintances.  This is the starting point from which you can build.

Do not be passive, identify and seek out opportunities to grow your network; for example, your University Careers Fair and employer presentations (to network with graduate employers), social events (to network with your peers).  Check if your University offer networking training or opportunities to meet with Alumni or employers.

Think about the positive impression you want to make; effective impression management can be the key to creating new contacts.  The following are viewed as good practice in terms of meeting new people;

Principle 1: Become genuinely interested in other people

Principle 2: Smile!

Principle 3: Remember their name

Principle 4: Be a good listener.  Encourage others to talk about themselves

Principle 5: Talk in terms of the other person’s interests

Principle 6: Make the other person feel important.  Do it sincerely.

(Carnegie, 2006)

Networking via social networks

LinkedIn is an online professional networking tool and available in over 200 countries worldwide, with over 450 million members.  This makes it the world’s largest professional network on the internet.  It is a great way to not only make new contacts but also to maintain and manage your existing network.

Check if your University offers LinkedIn workshops or training.

To sign up to LinkedIn visit: https://gb.linkedin.com/

For an introduction to LinkedIn and how it can used visit: http://tinyurl.com/m9whhq7

For a more detailed guide to LinkedIn visit: https://university.linkedin.com/linkedin-for-students

Top tip:  you will usually need an email address to connect with someone through LinkedIn.  Ask people you meet in person (that you would like to add to your network) if they would connect with you via LinkedIn and if so, ask for their email address!

References:

Carnegie, D. (2006). How to Win Friends and Influence People. London: Vermillion.

Redmond, P. (2010). The Graduate Jobs Formula. Surrey: Trotman Publishing.

Ben Simkins, Careers Adviser, Keele University

Why gain global competencies?

Why gain global competencies? Intercultural skills will benefit you whatever your career plans

Are you open to trying out different things – new experiences, different cultures or learning things in new ways? Do you look out for, and exploit new opportunities when other people don’t? If you answered ‘Yes’ to either of these questions you may already have the global competencies and mindset which are fast becoming a part of graduate employer ‘wishlists’. Having these is more than just about meeting business needs in a global economy. They will also equip for you many of the situations you face in your student and graduate life.

There’s no shortage of definitions of global mindset and competencies, and of intercultural skills, a closely-related idea. There’s also plenty of different ways graduate employers break them down when they recruit. For students and graduates what’s important is to have a broad understanding of what they mean, to be able to connect them to your own way of doing things, and be looking out for opportunities to develop them.

DB Arriva, the multinational public transport company, assesses graduates’ global mindset in three ways: if you can explain who and what motivates and inspires you; how you try out different things, without fear of uncertainty about what it means; and if you excel in relationship building and using support networks. You’ll notice that there’s nothing here about languages and international understanding, but for DB Arriva the term ‘global’ can mean international, regional or even relate to another business unit.

Other organisations view global mindset differently. For HSBC’s international banking operations it’s partly about being open to different ideas and cultures, communicating openly, and valuing different perspectives. While entry to brewers Heineken’s International Graduate Programme requires a genuine interest in other countries and cultures, language skills and at least 6 months spent working, or volunteering outside your home country.

What this shows us is that having a global mindset and competencies doesn’t have to mean you want to work for a multinational corporation or be globally mobile. Instead it includes skills and ways of thinking that overlap with many of the other things graduate employers will be looking for when they recruit. Whatever career you want to go into (or even if you have clear career ideas), you will need to work successfully in groups where the members are from mixed backgrounds, communicating clearly, and be open to new ideas and ways of doing things. This might be in your part-time or vacation jobs, in student societies, voluntary roles or course groupwork. From time to time most of us will find ourselves having to deal with situations where we don’t have all the information we need, having to take on new roles in unfamiliar situations where we have to work outside our ‘comfort zone’. This might look difficult to start with, but the end results can include a sense of achievement, some stories you can use in your job applications, and sometimes finding yourself asking the question ‘Did I really do that?’.

  • For more information on why a global mindset is important see:

http://www.gradplus.com/graduate-news/graduate-recruiters-say-a-global-mindset-can-give-you-the-edge.aspx

http://www.independent.co.uk/student/study-abroad/uk-industry-needs-global-graduates-but-what-does-that-mean-8613898.html

7 ways to improve your global mindset and become very employable indeed

  • To explore how you can develop your global mindset and other skills graduate employers are looking for please visit your university careers service

Iwan Griffiths (Aston University)

Developing a Global Mindset.

As the employment market becomes increasingly globalised and complex, more and more employers are looking for graduates with an awareness of these issues and an ability to work across countries and cultures. This is referred to in a variety of ways – some call it a global mindset, some talk of global competencies and some are organisations are now looking for global-minded graduates.

It’s important to realise that a global graduate isn’t simply someone who can speak a foreign language or has travelled abroad. Whilst being multilingual can be a huge advantage the term global mindset covers a much wider spectrum of skills and qualities including the ability to understand international perspectives, to work with people from different cultures and backgrounds and can grasp how international business interconnects and operates.

One definition of global mindset from the FT Lexicon is ‘one that combines an openness to and awareness of diversity across cultures and markets with a propensity and ability to see common patterns across countries and markets’.

Different employers often include different skills and attributes within the term global mindset or when talking about global competencies. BG Group talk about “the ability to think globally”, whereas Ernst and Young look for graduates with “the ability to work seamlessly across international boundaries”. Some companies ask for graduates who have spent some time abroad and schemes like Heineken’s International Graduate programme want candidates “To have a genuine interest in other countries and cultures”.

It’s possible to break some of the common skills and qualities into three main areas:

Social Skills – working collaboratively across cultures, adapting your communication skills to suit different audiences, being able to negotiate and influence international clients and respecting and understanding other people’s perspectives.

Psychological skills – demonstrating your drive and resilience, showing high levels of self-awareness and reflection, and having the ability to develop new behaviours and skills.

Professional skills and knowledge – having a good understanding of foreign economies and industries and the interconnectedness of the global economy, having good language skills, being able to learn in different cultures and environments and having the ability to form global networks.

A British Council report on intercultural skills conducted research and highlighted some of the following key skills:

By reflecting on these skills and qualities you can then start to see which areas you feel you already have strengths in and which areas you may want to focus on building on and developing during your studies.

There are a number of activities you can engage in during your time at university, to demonstrate your global mindset.  These can include campus based opportunities, such as language learning, attending international guest lectures or cultural events, as part of student union activities.  You may also have opportunities to explore global competencies through module choice options, such as those with an international dimension or international exchange.  Another major way to demonstrate your global mindset is to participate in overseas opportunities through activities such as study placements, summer schools, internships and volunteering projects.

Mundeep Panayi (De Montfort University)

Returning home: employability tips for international students

International students at universities in the UK have a range of career options when they finish.  Many will be interested in the possibility of working in the UK or internationally and the idea of further study, in the UK or in another country will be attractive.  Most international students will return  home, however,  and here are a few tips which will make the transition into work in  your home country easier and ultimately, more successful.

Start planning early

  • You need to think about returning home almost as soon as you arrive in the UK. A lot depends on the length of your course but if you are studying for a 12-month master’s,  for example,   you will be surprised how quickly time passes.  When you arrive in UK you may be overwhelmed by the pressures of a new way of  life but don’t forget to plan your future.

Keep in touch with developments in your home country and be pro-active

  • Follow the graduate recruitment scene on-line. National newspapers and journals will show which employment sectors and growing and which organisations expect to recruit graduates.  Which UK, US and European organisations are active in your home country?  You should target specific sectors  and employers  to make sure your knowledge is up-to-date.   Indian students, for example,  should be following economic trends on such websites as the Times of India

Expand your network and contacts

  • Using social media effectively, particularly Linkedin twitter and facebook is a great way of building contacts with particular employers and helps put you in touch with managers, not just the organisation’s HR department.  Moreover, employers now expect graduates to be  confident users of social media and to be aware of its uses as a business tool .
  • Are there any UK careers fairs for international students you could attend ? As an international student you will probably be welcome to attend  most but check beforehand.  Talking to an employer at a fair after previously making contact through LinkedIn can be very effective.
  • Ask about any networks of ex-students of your UK university who are now working in your home country. These alumni networks are growing in importance and you already have a lot in common!

Be aware of the employment cycle in your home  country

  • Know how and when employers recruit. Employers’ schedules vary: the main season for recruitment in the UK is October-January  but in China activity is concentrated in two period, mid-September-November and March-May.  Employers in Malaysia tend to recruit all year round.
  • Useful websites include Gradlink and Target Jobs
  • Ensure that your CV conforms to what the employer would expect and understand the relevant “application culture.” Employers in the UK value personal achievements and voluntary work but such details tend to be disregarded in India.    Examples of how CVs differ from country to country can be found at Going Global

Understand what you have to offer and what you have gained from your time in Britain

  • What did you gain from your course of study? How could it benefit your employer?
  • Your proficiency in English is important but you will also need to show employers that you are culturally aware and can understand how Europeans do business.
  • You should be clear about your ability to adapt to new environments and learning situations and you will need to explain how you have overcome the challenge of studying and working in the UK. These qualities are vital and you need to sell them in a pro-active way because they will not speak for themselves.
  • Your fellow students will probably have come from around the world so as well as experiencing life in the UK, you have had a truly international experience.

Be realistic

  • You should be aware that employers in your home country may not pay you a higher salary simply because you have a British qualification. The career benefits of your time abroad my not be apparent until you look for promotion.  Be patient and do not give the impression that you know everything.

Be prepared for “reverse culture shock”

  • Do you remember how demanding it was when you arrived in the UK? All your energy seemed to be spent on adjusting to a new country.  How tiring it was to speak English all day!
  • Going back home can feel the same. You will be different and so will your friends and family and they may have little understanding of how your experience has changed you outlook.  The most dangerous time for space modules is when they re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere.  You may get depressed  and feel slightly alienated from what is now a new environment.  It may not happen but be aware that it is a possibility.

Stay in touch

  • Your UK university stays with you forever and there will be plenty of opportunity to maintain contacts through your Alumni Association and the International Office.
  • In terms of employability most UK universities will still offer you carers advice and information for an extended period after you graduate (typically for 3 years). It’s easy to stay in touch through email and Skype.

Good luck! Peter Smart (Nottingham Trent Univeristy)

Global CVs

Global jobs – CV and application tips

 

So what is a global CV, or what makes a good global application, you may be asking? Having a single CV that could be used for everything would be a dream, but to secure that dream global move requires thinking both globally and strategically. Measurement of technical abilities may be similar worldwide, but application information will be received differently, depending on the type of company, its global culture, and their recruitment needs. Resilience and versatility is required for the people they recruit.

There are numerous sources for developing or perfecting your CV and many will claim to have the ultimate answer, or will charge you money to design your CV for you. When trying to secure jobs in a global market, it could seem like extra help is just what you may require. In essence the global graduate needs to be smart enough to make use of what information is out there, whilst also doing their homework on the country they are applying to. This will enable them to tailor their approach to suit the differing needs of each organisation, which can even vary for the same company, based in a different country.

As you will see from many sources listed below, there are different sections which are more usual or expected in certain countries. Ensuring you get this right will show respect for the jobs market that you are entering. You may be able to gain feedback through LinkedIn networks, or others already working for the companies that you are looking to apply to. Doing your homework can help in creating a customised CV, which can really pay dividends!
The profile statement This is becoming an expected feature
for many CVs or resumes, with different countries using different titles to describe this. Whether calling it a Career Objective, Personal Profile, or my preferred favourite ‘Career Profile’ it should clearly set out what it is that you are doing, what particular qualities that you are offering and finally what position you are trying to secure and the value you could add. I have seen many graduates concentrate on what they are seeking to gain, rather than what they clearly believe they can offer. Offering something is likely to create a more favourable response, the world over.

GradLink UK provides useful articles on the application process and sections you may wish to include in your CV. The example below relates to finding work in China, but you can also use these sources for example CVs from organisations in other countries.

http://www.gradlinkuk.com/what-is-go-cv.php 

General tips for finding and applying for a graduate job in China
With the development of China’s education system, over six million graduates enter the Chinese labour market each year. Competition is high and possessing practical experience and language skills will give you a head-start in finding a job.

Cover letters 
In general, a cover letter is not customary in China. However, some organisations may require one. Cover letters should:
• be around 200 words
• explain your motivation
• explain your specific qualification – give its content and any selling points
• emphasise your outstanding achievements
• mention the added value you may bring to the organisation you are applying to
Templates and examples:
YJBYS.com
zhongguojianliwang.com

CV/resume 
A CV/resume is an overview of a job seeker’s experience, qualifications, significant achievements and personal information. It is generally advised that your CV does not exceed two pages.
A CV should include:
• Personal information (name, date and place of birth, contact details).
• Academic background (university, course name, degree obtained and dates of attendance, content of key qualifications).
• Previous work experience (job title, description of job function and daily activities, dates of employment).
• Critical skills that you have (eg mastery of software and languages).
• Specify the kinds of positions you are looking for and state your career objective.

Templates and examples:
zhongguojianliwang.com
51job.com
gerenjianli.com
guolairen.com
zhaopin.com

GradLink UK, Going Global, Passport Careers, Grad Connection and a host of other sites provide key essentials for writing CVs for different countries, giving you the potential to fit with the traditions and standards of each particular country. Check with your university careers service to see what licenses they have to explore these global resources, as you may only be able to access very basic information. Employers will expect global graduates to possess the ability to research, tailor and adapt their applications to fit with the values and approaches they are seeking. The words you choose can make a real difference.

Example extract for CVs in Nigeria (GradLink UK)
The majority of the Nigerian recruitment websites seem to prefer a maximum of a 2 page ‘standard’ or ‘chronological’ CV, with headings in the following order:

Personal details – full name as the heading of the CV with address, contact number and email address

Profile/Objective – career objective and summary of Education, training and other qualifications – a list of the suggested headings; and new graduates are asked for must provide their class of degree.

Employment History – a chronological order of the jobs, starting with the most recent with details of company name, job title, dates of employment and major accomplishments.

Additional Information – if there is room this section can include hobbies, computer skills, or memberships.

References – not required but should be entered if specifically requested.

How do I start to write my CV?
Key global recruiters that I have worked with have advised the following: “When you look at the classified section of the paper, or read the jobs notice board, make sure you read the advertisement carefully. Decide what aspects of your personality, qualifications, skills and experience you can offer to this new job/career.

Write these down in a list and use strong “action words” – for example: “I am organised, efficient, and hard-working, I have managed and coordinated events and people. I studied and achieved personal and professional excellence and completed a degree in …” (Junaid Mansoor- Global Employability)

It is essential that you have a clear message, which fits with each global company that you apply to. With global jobs, how this fits with your personal stage of development, potential family circumstance and your experience of being in that country will demonstrate to the employer how likely it is you will settle in, perform and add value to their business. It is usually a risk to employ somebody who has not already shown commitment to working globally.

So can I keep the same CV for each position?

Global recruiters, even more than local recruiters, will be able to see how your study specialisms, experience and achievements fit with their vision for their organisation. If you have not matched your CV to your chosen company’s values, business or client aims, it will be difficult for them to see how your achievements, experience and ambitions demonstrate that you are the right candidate to work in that position, or that global location.

Other tips (Target Jobs on applying for positions) 

https://targetjobs.co.uk/careers-advice/working-abroad/341480-working-in-china#applyingforjobs

Extract from one of their sources on China (Target Jobs)

Applying for jobs

If you have contacts in China, try to use them for networking purposes, as some jobs are never advertised but filled via personal referrals. It’s advisable to secure a job before moving to China as it affects the visa you need to be able to enter and stay in the country.
A short CV or résumé is used along with a covering letter for most job applications. If you’re applying to a Chinese or government-owned company and can speak Mandarin it may be helpful to handwrite your application in Chinese characters.
The information included in your application is similar to that in UK CVs. Provide a summary or career objective at the beginning and highlight academic and personal achievements. Include your academic and work background and if your university features highly in recognised rankings such as the Times Higher Education University Rankings, include the position in your application as this is often highly valued in China.

Take all the advice that you can get!

Within most countries agencies will often recruit. Hays are a major global player, so you can seek advice from them about what they are expecting from quality candidates.

http://www.hays.cn/en/advice-services/EN-CHN_HAYS_373213 Global recruiters- career guides.

The way forward

All of this will take time, but once you start to be curious in exploring global opportunities thoroughly, you may find key pieces of advice coming from contacts that you make.

• Consider approaching companies directly and asking them if they would like some particular format or elements to be demonstrated within their application

• Develop a key facts document (a checklist of skills, values, key words and personality traits you will demonstrate in your CV or application)

• Think about alumni from your university and if they may help you to glean key bits of information.

• Think about establishing contact with people you have spent time with in that country. You never know when you may need their support- so keep them feeling positive towards you.

• Quality checks of your CV or application prior to sending- Ideally somebody working for that global organisation would provide this support, however this may be unlikely.
Think also of others who work in that country. This could include agencies who seeking to recruit the right talent, who have local expertise in CV and applications.

• Remember that what is on your CV, will need to be supported by what is online.
Global recruiters are highly likely to make use of these online resources.
It is their best chance of developing a clearer picture
of who you are, how you act and the connections you have.

Contact your Careers Consultant at your university for their opinion on how you match up to particular company and job specifications.

Potential sources of information

Example extract for CVs in Nigeria (GradLink UK)

http://www.goinglobal.com

https://uk.gradconnection.com/

http://www.passportcareer.com/

https://targetjobs.co.uk/careers-advice/working-abroad

http://www.globalcareercompany.com/

https://www.everjobs.com/

Good luck! – Chris Steventon (Coventry University)

Making the most of your time in the UK

By Marion Derbyshire, The University of Derby

“Employability skills are a set of attributes, skills and knowledge that all labour market participants should possess to ensure they have the capability of being effective in the workplace.”
The Confederation of British Industry

Develop the skills that employers want

Graduate recruiters look for evidence of employability or transferable skills that lift you above the competition.

Employers in the UK and across the world look for a range of skills and experiences in graduate employees in addition to a degree. That’s why, whether you have a career path in mind or are keeping your future options open, we’ll encourage you to build career development into all aspects of your student life from your first day.

 Global competencies tag cloud from Global Graduates – What is a global graduate

 Take advantage of careers advice

 A university degree is an internationally recognised academic qualification – but it’s much more than that. Your course will encourage you to develop new ways of thinking and expose you to new cultures and diverse working practices. You’ll develop a range of skills such as problem solving, language ability, initiative, teamwork and creativity – all of which will help you stand out in the international job market.

Your university careers service offers support, advice and guidance tailored to you, working hard to help you take control of your future.

A broad and innovative range of services are available to all students, including:

  • an international focus on job hunting with advice on how to market your UK experience to employers;
  • an online vacancies and events database;
  • one to one career mentoring with experienced professionals.

And don’t forget to come along to employer fairs, presentations and workshops; they are a fantastic chances to interact with employers and obtain an insight into graduate jobs and placements.

Experience the work place

Many courses allow you to take advantage of industrial experience opportunities that can help shape your career.  You may also be able to undertake part-time work, allowing you to learn new skills and earn money while you study.

Talk to your careers service about placements, vacation work and internships, work shadowing, mentoring and part-time work to give you a head start with employers.

Working in a temporary position at the university looks good on your CV, as employers will be impressed that you can juggle study and a job.  The positions are often flexible, allowing students to work around lectures and exams.  A range of different jobs are available including administration or IT work, bar, hospitality or promotional work, library positions and skilled roles such as translating and photography.

Get involved

Cultural awareness is increasingly a key selection factor for graduate employers. You’ll not only mix with British people, you’ll also be able to meet students from all over the world, learn about other cultures and improve your communication skills.

Universities have an active and vibrant students’ union, where you’ll find a range of societies, many of which are professionally focused. Get involved, broaden your connections and develop qualities that are great for your CV, such as leadership skills.

With a wide range of societies available, you can enjoy groups focusing on the areas:

  • Academic – societies based on university schools and subjects,
  • Charitable – various local and national charities will have societies to let students get involved in various activities and fundraising,
  • Faith and cultural – nearly all religions and cultures will be covered, reflecting the multicultural student population in the UK,
  • Hobbies or interests including chess, poker and yoga,
  • Political – whatever your political stance, there should be a society that fits your needs,
  • Sport – it can provide more than just regular exercise and gives you a break from academic work.  It can help nurture key skills that employers look for, especially for those involved in the executive teams or sports committees.

Volunteering

Volunteering, n. (vol-uhn-teer-ing):

Any activity that involves spending time, unpaid, doing something that aims primarily to benefit the environment or someone (individuals or groups) other than close relatives.

Volunteering is a great way to enhance your university experience. It’s a great way to make new friends and become part of the local community as well as developing new skills and experiences which will look great on your CV when you start job hunting.

There are a wide range of opportunities to get involved in. These range from activities that support other students and improve the university community, through to getting involved in charities and not for profit organisations in the wider community outside of campus.

Find opportunities within charity and community organisations, by fundraising, through sports volunteering, within the environmental, by volunteering overseas, through being a student rep and by supporting vulnerable people.

International Students and Graduates from across the Midlands gather for ‘Global Careers’ Conference in Birmingham

Guest Student Blog

On Saturday 29th November 2014, approximately 500 international students and graduates from across the Midlands in the UK attended the ‘Develop Your Global Career’ Conference in the stunning Great Hall at the University of Birmingham. Organised collaboratively between 16 Midland based universities, the conference provided international students and graduates with the opportunity to meet and network with global employers, learn more about UK visa opportunities and develop their overall global employability attitudes.

Around 20 employers and organizations such as the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA), Access Tier 5 (AIESEC), the British Council, BUNAC, Chopsticks Club, Progressio and FDM attended the conference. The event was sponsored by CPA Australia with Hayley Angell (Relationship Manager – Education) providing a great overview on the company and speaking about the traits of what makes a global graduate. CPA’s stand also included a photo booth, which enabled students to receive a free professional photo to include on their LinkedIn pages or professional portfolios – definitely an added bonus. They also ran a competition whereby the winning applicant will meet and have lunch with a business leader within the company, which was an amazing opportunity for one lucky student/graduate!

The conference kicked off with a panel of representatives from organizations such as UKTI, Freeths, Decathlon and CPA Australia giving talks to students about developing a global mind set and considering a desired global graduate’s personality traits from an employer’s perspective. The panel also included a couple of students who shared their experiences and what they had personally gained from the previous work experience that they had undertaken in an international environment. After the panel talks, students were then given the valuable opportunity to network with company officials and professionals and develop their network of contacts. Employers set up stands in an exhibition area and were available for student’s enquiries as well as providing information and promoting themselves to the event’s guests.

The conference also offered two different types of workshops to international attendees. Workshop One was extremely valuable and included information on how students and graduates could apply for Tier 2 and Tier 5 visas in the UK and what options were available. The workshop focused on the eligibility and requirements on applying to a Tier 2 or Tier 5 visa. The process of how to apply for visas was explained thoroughly and instilled different cases studies.

Workshop Two introduced and guided students in to becoming a ‘global graduate and obtaining a global mindset’. This workshop was more interactive and influenced student’s thinking of how they could develop into a global graduate. Speakers encouraged students to ponder the prerequisite in to working internationally. Students were reminded that subjects like cultural agility and differences are inevitable in a mixed-cultural working environment. It provided a framework to students of “How will working internationally be like” and “What employers want from us”.

The ‘Develop Your Global Career Conference’ really helped students who are starting with nothing. It was not a job hunting fair where job offers were directly offered, however, it gave students the opportunity to develop valuable global networks and gain better insights from employers in to what a ‘global graduate’ is, all from a variety of different international backgrounds. The University event organizers worked hard to provide detailed information of being able to work in the United Kingdom or internationally. International students can then start to better prepare themselves for the future challenges that they will face after graduating and what potential career opportunities may be available. It is not about getting short-term and immediate benefits but long-term and visionary attributes in establishing yourself to the coming chances.

I would definitely encourage international students and graduates who are planning to work in the UK (or abroad) to participate in these types of events. It is fun, it is useful and it was also FREE.